Lanzarote, Jardín de Cactus

The International Carlo Scarpa Prize for Gardens 2017

28th edition

edited by Patrizia Boschiero, Luigi Latini, Juan Manuel Palerm Salazar

Fondazione Benetton Studi Ricerche

Treviso 2017

212 pages, 293 illustrations in colour and 26 black and white

ISBN 978-88-8435-002-2

Italian edition, ISBN 978-88-8435-000-8

Spanish edition, in collaboration with Centros de Arte, Cultura y Turismo-Cabildo de Lanzarote, Treviso-Arrecife 2018, ISBN 978-88-8435-104-3

(series Memorie/dossier)

The 2017 Carlo Scarpa Prize is dedicated to the little Jardín de Cactus on the volcanic island of Lanzarote, part of a unique system of cultivated quarries and craters embodying the fertile equilibrium between nature and culture on the island. The Guatiza quarry garden is one of the most important projects realized by the artist César Manrique (1919-1992) using the traditional farming techniques of the island: terracing, spreading layers of picón or volcanic ash on the soil, raising stone windbreaks and cultivating plants.




The International Carlo Scarpa Prize for Gardens, 1990-2017, 6

Regulations and Scientific Committee, 8

Lanzarote, Jardín de Cactus. Motivazione del Premio Carlo Scarpa, 9


Lázaro Sánchez-Pinto, The island of Lanzarote: volcanoes and life in evolution, 23

Juan Manuel Palerm Salazar, Lanzarote. Volcanoes, craters and cultivated quarries, 39

Juan Manuel Palerm Salazar, Jardín de Cactus, Guatiza, 1990, 61

The topographic survey of the Jardín de Cactus, Guatiza, 71

Antonio Manuel Martín Santos, From a quarry to a cactus garden, 86

Manlio Speciale, Cultivation of succulents, 91


Fernando Castro Borrego, César Manrique: phenomenology of the landscape, 96

Fernando Gómez Aguilera, Hyperactive landscapes: economy, art and tourism, 118

Juan Gopar, The re-created island. Notes on the insular genealogies of Lanzarote, 135

Wolfredo Wildpret de la Torre and Victoria Eugenia Martín Osorio, Protected plant landscapes in the Lanzarote Biosphere Reserve, 141

Luis Vicente Elías Pastor and Margarita Contreras Villaseñor, The landscape of vineyards on Lanzarote, 153

Leandro Caraballo Umpiérrez, Cochineal on Lanzarote, 162

Giuseppe Barbera, The cactus pear, 164

José Tito Rojo, Cactus gardens: from botanic collectionism to tourist attraction, 169


Cabildo de Lanzarote, Art, Culture and Tourism Centres of Lanzarote, 181

Fernando Gómez Aguilera, The César Manrique Foundation, and its importance as home to the legacy of the artist César Manrique, 190

Fernando Gómez Aguilera, César Manrique (1919-1992). Life, works, bibliography, 194


Leopoldo Tabares de Nava y Marín, The cartographic history of Lanzarote and the Canarian archipelago, 198

Bibliography, 204


Illustration references, 208

List of Authors, 209

International Carlo Scarpa Prize for Gardens 2017, 210